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How To Get Rid Of Pineapple Sponge In A Reef Tank!

Maintaining a reef tank and keeping it balanced and aesthetically pleasing is one of the major challenges of owning an aquarium, and you may find that you end up with species you don’t want, or species that quickly get out of hand if you aren’t on top of them.

Often, you’ll add something that seems like a good idea, and then find that it spreads fast, outcompetes species you want, or simply takes over and spoils the look of the tank, and then you’ll want to get rid of it.

Many people find pineapple sponges in a reef tank can grow excessively, especially before the tank has reached maturity. It is very hard to get rid of these sponges once they have decided that they like a spot; they will often regrow if you remove them, and will spread into their favorite bits of the tank quite fast.

Removal may prove ineffective, even if you are consistent in your efforts; if they like the conditions in your tank, they will keep reappearing.

Pineapple sponges are often viewed as an asset, but they can be frustrating to deal with when you want to get rid of them.

The solution will usually lie in changing the conditions in the tank or finding something that feeds upon the sponges, but sometimes you’ll just be able to wait it out and they will die off as the tank matures.

What Do Pineapple Sponges Look Like?

A pineapple sponge, as the name suggests, looks surprisingly like a pineapple, being oval with a pointed tip, and a fluffy body.

They can output a little spray of fronds from their crown which, although white, looks like the leaves of a pineapple, but you often won’t see this, and the sponge will just look like the body of the pineapple.

Pineapple sponges are usually cream or slightly yellow, although they can also be brown, gray, or beige, and they like temperate waters.

Pineapple sponges are occasionally called Q-tip sponges, and they are quite small sponges, only reaching a maximum of three inches in most cases.

They are filter feeders, so they will clear organic debris from your tank, but they can be extremely difficult to get rid of once they have got a foothold because, like other sponges, they have superb regenerative properties and can regenerate from even small pieces of themselves.

In terms of texture, these sponges are soft, and they do not sting or cause skin irritation. Many people find them unproblematic and unobtrusive (thanks to their small size), and leave them alone, but they can sometimes cause issues.

Is Pineapple Sponge Bad For A Reef Tank?

Pineapple sponges are not directly bad for a reef tank, no, and indeed as filter feeders, they can be really helpful because they will skim unwanted organic matter from the water and leave it cleaner.

They will often appear in a sump, but if they are in the main tank, you might be irritated by them, as they aren’t the prettiest of sponges, and can look a bit murky and off-putting.

In some cases, pineapple sponges may crowd out other inhabitants, such as corals, in which case they are actually harmful to the tank, and need to be dealt with.

Usually, pineapple sponges will only cause a problem if there is an excess of nutrients in the tank; this will cause an explosive population that will spread fast and take over all available space, pushing back the corals.

In some rare situations, a really large population of pineapple sponges could also block up your equipment and prevent it from working properly, which might be dangerous for the fish and the overall health of the tank.

Out-of-control pineapple sponges are more common in immature tanks, where the water levels are more likely to be out of balance, and nutrient levels may get too high.

They can be a challenge to deal with, and as they often end up in a tank via hitchhiking, it is difficult to prevent them unless you quarantine items before adding them to the aquarium.

How To Remove Pineapple Sponge From A Reef Tank!

It’s often a challenge to remove pineapple sponges from your tank because their regenerative properties are so good; if you break them off the rocks and suck them up, you’ll find that they quickly regrow from the remnants of cells on the rock, and that they spread very fast when the conditions are right for them.

The best way to get rid of them is to reduce the quantity of nutrients in the water, as this reduces how much food they have access to, and makes it much more difficult for them to spread.

Excess pineapple sponge growth is also often caused by phosphorus and silicates in the water, so doing regular water changes (small ones should be sufficient) should help.

You will need to be dedicated and consistent, and it may take a while to see results, but reducing the food available and changing the water ought to reduce the number of pineapple sponges, especially if you pair this with the regular removal of them.

You may wish to try predators as another option, although you will need to ensure that these are compatible with the other things you have in your tank, and aren’t going to eat any sponges that you actually want in there.

A few good options include aquarium crabs (consider the emerald crab, for example) and dwarf species of angelfish, which are keen sponge eaters. Nudibranchs may also eat sponges, but they are fussy, and there are none that are specifically known for eating pineapple sponges.


Having a single pineapple sponge in a reef tank is not a problem, but if your nutrient levels are high, you may find that one becomes many very quickly, and this can be frustrating. These sponges are not particularly attractive to look at, and although they do serve a purpose within the tank, you probably don’t want to have lots of them spread throughout. Reduce the nutrient levels or consider a predator to get rid of them.